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NC Division of Public Health
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Lead-Based Paint Management

Abatement Activities

In an effort to address the hazards associated with the improper removal of lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards, North Carolina established the Lead-Based Paint Hazard Management Program (LHMP) in 1998 under N.C. General Statute §130A-453.01 through 453.11 - Lead-Based Paint Hazard Management Program. (PDF, 15KB)

The LHMP requires a person who performs an inspection, risk assessment, abatement or abatement design work in a child-occupied facility (such as daycares, pre-schools, etc.) or housing built before 1978 to be certified and establishes the requirements for certification, including the oversight of required training. It also requires a person who conducts an abatement of a child-occupied facility or target housing to obtain a permit for the abatement (PDF, 64 KB).

The LHMP also establishes work practice standards for lead-based paint abatement activities and has adopted the U.S. EPA's requirements included in 40 CFR Part 745, Subpart L - Lead-Based Paint Activities External link and 40 CFR Part 745, Subpart D – Identification of Dangerous Levels of Lead.External link



A firm engaged in abatement activities must be a certified lead abatement firm. A firm engaged in regulated renovation activities (such as renovation, repair, or painting that disturbs greater than 6 square feet of interior painted surfaces or 20 square feet of exterior painted surfaces or dust sampling after renovation) must be a certified renovation firm. If a firm conducts abatement and renovation activities, then both certifications are required.

Certified renovation firm means a company, partnership, corporation, sole proprietorship, association, or other business entity or individual doing business in the State, or a federal, State, tribal, or local government agency or a nonprofit organization that has been certified by the North Carolina Health Hazards Control Unit to perform renovation activities.


Individuals conducting lead-based paint abatement activities in North Carolina, such as inspections, risk assessments, abating lead-based paint hazards, clearance testing, designing abatement projects, etc. in housing and child-occupied facilities built before 1978, must be certified by the State of North Carolina.

Individuals must also be certified by the State of North Carolina to perform renovation, repair and painting activities for compensation in housing and child-occupied facilities built before 1978. If an individual conducts both abatement and renovation activities, then both certifications are required.

Additional Guidance